Bailey, Liberty Hyde 1858-1954
Bailey was an outstanding author, botanist, and horticulturist.
He was born at South Haven, Michigan, and was reared on a farm. Bailey attended Michigan Agricultural College, now Michigan State University, where he graduated in 1882. He received the L.L.D. from the University of Wisconsin in 1907, and other honorary degrees from various colleges and universities.
He was an assistant of Asa Gray, Professor of Botany at Harvard University in 1882-83 and Professor of Horticulture and Landscape Gardening at Michigan Agricultural College from 1885-88. He became professor of Horticulture at Cornell University in 1888, a post he held until 1903 when he became Dean and Director. He gave up this position in 1913 to make explorations and study various plant forms and species of horticultural importance. He established the Bailey Hortorium at Ithaca, New York, where he spent the last years of his life.
He received numerous medals from national and foreign societies and was a member of domestic and foreign scientific, botanical, and horticultural societies.
Among the books of which he was the author may be listed the following:
The Horticulturists Rule Book (1890)
The Nursery Book (1891)
American Grape Training (1893)
Plant Breeding (1895)
Survival of the Unlike (1896)
The Forcing Book (1897)
Principles of Fruit Growing (1897)
Evolution of Our Native Fruits (1898)
The Pruning Book (1898)
Lessons with Plants (1898)
Principles of Agriculture (1898)
Principles of Vegetable Gardening (1901)
The Pruning Book (1906)
The Training of Farmers (1910)
Manual of Gardening (1910)
Outlook to Nature (1911) and (1924)
The State and the Farmer (1913)
Pruning Manual (1916)
Farm and Garden Rule Book (1920)
The Garden Lover (1928)
Hortus First (1930)
The Cultivated Conifers (1933)
How Plants Get Their Names (1933)
Gardener's Handbook (1934)
The Garden of Pinks (1938)
The Garden of Larkspurs (1939)
Hortus Second (1941)
The Holy Earth (1943)
Manual of Cultivated Plants (1924) and (1949)
Dr. Bailey was voted one of the three outstanding living horticulturists several years prior to his death.
He was editor of Cyclopedia of American Horticulture six volumes (reprinted three volumes, 1910-1932); Rural Science series; and Rural Textbook series.